The 7.62×54mmR(immed) is a rimmed rifle cartridge developed by the Russian Empire and introduced as a service cartridge in 1891. Originally designed for the bolt-action Mosin–Nagant rifle, it was used during the late Tsarist era and throughout the Soviet period to the present day. The cartridge remains one of the few standard-issue rimmed cartridges still in military use and is the longest serving rifle cartridge ever.
HP - Hollowpoint hunting load.
SPBT - Soft point boat tail match. Designed for long range accuracy shooting.
T46M - Cartridge with a 9.6 gram lead core tracer bullet with a bimetallic jacket, in a bimetallic case; intended for target designation and fire adjustment in battle (Trace color: Green).
7N14 SNB - A 7.62x54mm R SNB gzh (GRAU Index - 7N14) cartridge with a 9.8 gram armor-piercing bullet with a pointed heat-strengthened steel core over a lead base with a bimetallic jacket, in a bimetallic case. This SNB cartridge (SNíperskiy s Bronebóynoy púley - "Sniper with Armor-piercing bullet") was developed in the mid-1990s as a modernization of the 7.62x54mm R PS gzh cartridge to improve its penetration capabilities when fired from a sniper or designated marksman rifles, managing of piercing specialized ballistic body protections as well as providing a significant stopping power effect.
7N37 BS - A 7.62x54mm R BS gs (GRAU Index - 7N37) cartridge with a 12.2 gram armor-piercing bullet with a pointed tungsten carbide core over a lead base with a bimetallic jacket, in a steel case. This BS bullet (Bronebóynaya Spetsiál'naya - "Armor-piercing Special") was developed by TsNIITochMash in the 2010s to greatly increase the penetration capabilities of designated marksman rifles such as the SVD and its variants, being able of piercing through the most modern specialized ballistic body protections, in addition to being capable of piercing light covers and light armored vehicles despite having a relatively low muzzle velocity compared to other cartridges. However, due to its design, it has a significant bounce probability off various surfaces.
MAI AP - Modern Arms International LE / Export-only exposed tungsten sabot round. USA Made, very rare.
MAI API - Modern Arms International LE / Export-only exposed tungsten sabot with incendiary tip. USA Made, exceedingly rare.
Spotter - Soft point cartridge with 10 gram pyrotechnic charge beneath a white tracer element. Used for spotting targets from aircraft mounted machineguns.
7N60 RSP - A 7.62x54mm R RSP gs (GRAU Index - 7N60) cartridge with a 20 gram armor-piercing bullet with a pointed depleted uranium core over a lead base with a bimetallic jacket, in a steel case. This RSP bullet ("Radioactive Sniper Bullet") was developed by TsNIITochMash in the 2020s to greatly increase the penetration capabilities of designated marksman rifles such as the SVD and its variants against more modernised armor systems.
|Ammunition Type||Damage||Bullet Velocity (m/s)||Barrier Penetration||Armor Piercing|
|202gr SPBT Match||24.9||855||2.2||16|
|148gr SPBT Match||21||903||1.1||22|
Note: Barrier penetration represents the rounds ability to go through walls and barriers. Armor piercing represents the rounds ability to penetrate body armor plates.